Magnetic Water Conditioner for Home, Pool, Spa, & Koi Ponds
Federal Technology Alert from Dept. of Energy: About the Technology
The technology addressed in this FTA uses a
magnetic or electrostatic field to alter the reaction between scale-forming
ions in hard water. Hard water contains high levels of calcium, magnesium,
and other divalent cations. When subjected to heating, the divalent
ions form insoluble compounds with anions such as carbonate. These
insoluble compounds have a much lower heat transfer capability than heat
transfer surfaces such as metal. They are insulators. Thus
additional fuel consumption would be required to transfer an equivalent
amount of energy.
The magnetic technology has been cited
in the literature and investigated since the turn of the 19th century,
when lodestones or naturally occurring magnetic mineral formations were
used to decrease the formation of scale in cooking and laundry applications.
However, the availability of high-power, rare-earth element magnets has
advanced the magnetic technology to the point where it is more reliable.
Similar advances in materials science, such as the availability of ceramic
electrodes and other durable dielectric materials, have allowed the electrostatic
technology to also become more reliable.